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Kuban Artillery

The Cossack mounted divisions and brigades were generally accompanied by horse artillery.

Likewise infantry brigades in the Civil War generally had some integral artillery, though often attached from other parts of the army.

2ndKuban Horse Battery and 3rd Kuban Plastoon Battery

Officer in dress uniform: foot artillery Gunner: foot artillery Gunner: field shoulderboards Gunner: horse artillery

The formal artillery uniform was basically the same as for the cavalry and plastoons, except that distinctions were in branch of service colours, not the Host colour.

However many of the "Cossack" artillerymen were drafted in from non-Cossack areas in the Civil War, as the Whites tended to have a surplus of artillerymen while the Cossacks had a shortage. Kuban artillery crews in non‑Cossack uniforms is perfectly accurate. For example, Mamontov's battery was attached to the Kuban 1st Division for a while, and it wore standard Imperial artillery uniforms.

Uniform Details

Shoulderboards: 2nd Kuban Horse Artillery Battery Shoulderboards: 3rd Kuban Plastoon Battery Shenk shows this for Kuban foot artillery.

Cossack artillery in most respects had normal artillery markings. The shoulderboards were scarlet, piped with blue if they were horse artillery. Lettering for rankers was in yellow. Buttons and all officer distinctions were in gold. Like all artillery, crossed cannons were placed above the cipher.

The only variation from normal artillery was that the khaki versions of the shoulderboards had the cipher stenciled on in Cossack dark blue.

The cipher gave the battery number and Кб, i.e. Kb. (Shenk shows only the К, but this was the cipher for Caucasian units, and the Handbook and give the other form.)

Information on the colour of papakha tops is almost entirely absent. Shenk appears to show black for Kuban artillery with red crosses, trimmed with gold for officers. As black with red trim were the colours of artillery furazhka bands and greatcoat tabs, this seems quite likely. There would also be khaki field issue ones, with a white cross for officers.

The 1st Kuban Battery in 1912 was awarded a special monogram, of a crowned M, in honour of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich. Perhaps this was carried over to the Civil War. (See the Kuban Cavalry page for an example of one.)


The 2nd Kuban Horse Battery was part of the 1st (Kuban) Horse Artillery Divizion. It fought with the 1st Cavalry Division for much of 1919.

The 3rd Kuban Plastoon Battery was attached to the 3rd Separate Kuban Plastoon Brigade.


Most battery HQs would have had a flag, generally a simple affair.

For horse artillery it was probably in the style of sotnia flags.