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Warsaw 1920


Selections from Operations on the Vistula in August 1920, from the Polish standpoint.

 
 
A collection of articles translated from the Polish into Russian by the Soviet Military Publications Division 1931. Translated into English at the Army War College, Washington D.C. in 1934. Recently put on-line by the US Army Military History Institute (search "1920" here but note that it is 85 MB).

Unfortunately the version given is a poor carbon copy with the place names in the German forms. I have typed it up, sorted out the place names, and split it into separate sections.
 

The Battle of Warsaw in August 1920, and the Crisis Connected Therewith

A detailed look at the fighting on the Warsaw Bridgehead in mid-August, especially that around Radzymin and Minsk-Mazowiecki. A nice series of engagements for historical scenarios, because the sides were so evenly balanced. And, of course, the Poles used armour.

The Battle of Warsaw 1920 Part 1  in pdf  (will open in a new window)
 

Offensive from behind the Wieprz River

A detailed look at the initial stages of the counter-attack south of Warsaw from 16 to 18 August. 

The Battle of Warsaw 1920 Part 2  in pdf  (will open in a new window)

Critique of the Warsaw Operation in the Light of the Offensive

A rather tedious discussion of the theoretical basis for the the Polish campaign in August 1920. I have only kept this one for completeness.

The Battle of Warsaw 1920 Part 3  in pdf  (will open in a new window)
 

First Directive, Warsaw Operation 

An article about the decision made by Pilsudski to fall back to the Vistula and counter-attack from behind the Wieprz. Although covered in general terms in other available books, this article gives much more military detail about the failure of the Poles to hold their previous defensive lines in late July and early August 1920.

The Battle of Warsaw 1920 Part 4 in pdf  (will open in a new window)
 

Maps

The original article came with four maps, only three of which are attached in the on-line version. These basically relate to Parts 1 and 2 above.

The Battle of Warsaw 1920 original maps in pdf  (will open in a new window)

If trying to follow the text in greater detail, or if interested in gaming the battles, the site below is extremely useful. It has topographic maps from the 1920s and 1930s for all of Poland. Radzymin is in P39 S32.

Interwar maps of Poland (will open in a new window)

Many of the places in the text are extremely difficult to locate, some being very small indeed. I have prepared a document that locates them (with a couple of exceptions that no amount of searching could find).

Locations of places in the texts in pdf  (will open in a new window)


 
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