Some smaller or unusual units formed from the Astrakhan area.
Detachment for the Liberation of Astrakhan
This was formed in
conjunction with the Urals Host and fought the Bolsheviks
along the Caspian coast during 1919.
Initially just a few hundred men, about 50% cavalry and 50% infantry,
it slowly grew. By Spring 1919 it numbered about 2,000 men and had been
formed into two cavalry and two infantry units.
The Detachment peaked at 3,500 or so men, with 40 MGs and 16 guns, by
autumn 1919, divided into:
1st Astrakhan Cossack
Volga Partisan Cavalry Regiment
1st Astrakhan Cossack Plastoon Regiment
2nd Krasnoyarskiy-Yenotaevskiy Cossack Plastoon Regiment
The 1st Astrakhan Cossack Regiment was presumably the core of the
Detachment. It seems likely it was dressed in normal WWI
Astrakhan uniforms, as described on the Astrakhan
. One squadron was probably Kalmyk and/or Kirghiz.
The Volga Partisan Cavalry Regiment was formed of peasants from the
Volga mouth area. There is a possibility that some were Orenburg
Cossacks who had been cut off by the Soviet advance.
The 1st Astrakhan Cossack Plastoon Regiment had no Imperial precedent,
the Astrakhan Host only ever providing cavalry. Probably it just
dressed like the cavalry.
The Krasnoyarskiy-Yenotaevskiy Plastoons seem to have been based on a
core of Volga delta peasants (hence the name). Some may have been
Russian and Serbian infantry that had been stranded in the Urals area
for one reason or another.
Some of the artillery seems to have been Astrakhan in origin, which
means it was almost certainly horse artillery.
Formed in the summer 1919 as part of the Caucasian Army, it
3rd Astrakhan Cossack
Caucasian Rifle Division
Steppe Partisan Detachment
The 3rd Astrakhan Cossack Division had been detached from the Astrakhan
Cossack Division, and so was dressed like them. It may well have been
The Caucasian Rifle Division was made up of the 1st to 4th Caucasian
Infantry Regiments and the Caucasian Rifle Artillery Brigade. This is
likely a fairly low morale unit, since it was recently formed, its name
suggests no great pedigree and it dissipated quickly.
The Steppe Partisan Detachment was formed from peasants from the east
bank of the Volga. It was largely mounted.
The Caucasian Army attacked across the Volga after Tsaritsyn fell in
July 1919 with this Detachment and the Lower Volga Detachment (the rest
of the Astrakhan Cossack Division, the 3rd Kuban Division and the 5th
Caucasian Rifle Regiment). They fought there until the very end of 1919.
There were several batteries of Astrakhan artillery operating through
the Civil War. Given their source, they were
likely all horse batteries.
One followed the main body of Astrakhan Cossacks in the
Don Host and then AFSR.
At least one, possibly more, were independently formed in the AFSR.
At least one was formed in the Urals Detachment.
They would have worn normal Astrakhan cavalry uniforms except with
artillery caps, shoulderboards and collar tabs which would be in
artillery colours (see the Don Artillery). No source gives
the cipher, although Ac seems
Units Not Related to the Cossack Host
The 8th Astrakhan Dragoon regiment was a regular cavalry unit revived
in the AFSR.
The 1st Astrakhan Volunteer Regiment was formed as part of the Don's
Astrakhan Army. It was intended to be a regular infantry unit, and most
of its men were ex-Imperial officers. When the Astrakhan Army was split
up by Denikin, these men became the Composite Astrakhan Regiment and
went to the 6th Infantry Division, later transformed into the Composite
Simultaneously a short-lived 1st Astrakhan Volunteer Regiment was
formed in the early Volunteer Army. Again it seems to have been a
regular army unit.
> infantry and artillery