The Cossack mounted divisions and brigades were generally accompanied
by horse artillery.
Likewise infantry brigades in the Civil War generally had some
integral artillery, though often attached from other parts of the army.
Kuban Horse Battery and 3rd Kuban
in dress uniform:
The formal artillery uniform was basically the same as for the cavalry
and plastoons, except that distinctions were in branch of service
colours, not the Host colour.
However many of the "Cossack" artillerymen were drafted in from
non-Cossack areas in the Civil War, as the Whites tended to have a
surplus of artillerymen while the Cossacks had a shortage. Kuban
artillery crews in non-Cossack uniforms is perfectly
accurate. For example, Mamontov's battery was attached to the Kuban 1st
Division for a while, and it wore standard Imperial artillery uniforms.
2nd Kuban Horse Artillery Battery
3rd Kuban Plastoon Battery
shows this for Kuban foot artillery.
Cossack artillery in most respects had normal artillery markings. The
shoulderboards were scarlet, piped with blue if they were horse
artillery. Lettering for rankers was in yellow. Buttons and
all officer distinctions were in gold. Like all artillery, crossed
cannons were placed above the cipher.
The only variation from normal artillery was that the khaki versions of
the shoulderboards had the cipher stenciled on in Cossack dark
The cipher gave the battery number and Кб. (Shenk shows only
the К, but this was the cipher for Caucasian units, and the
Handbook and diorama.ru give the other form.)
Information on the colour of papakha tops is almost entirely absent.
Shenk appears to show black for Kuban artillery with red crosses,
trimmed with gold for officers. As black with red trim were the colours
of artillery furazhka
bands and greatcoat tabs, this seems quite likely. There would also be
khaki field issue ones, with a white cross for officers.
The 1st Kuban Battery in 1912 was awarded a special monogram, of a
crowned M, in honour of Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolayevich. Perhaps this
was carried over to the Civil War. (See the Kuban Cavalry page for an
example of one.)
The 2nd Kuban Horse Battery was part of the 1st (Kuban) Horse Artillery
It fought with the 1st Cavalry Division for much of 1919.
The 3rd Kuban Plastoon Battery was attached to the 3rd Separate Kuban
Most battery HQs would have had a flag, generally a simple affair.
For horse artillery it was probably in the style of sotnia flags.
> Kuban Artillery